Montessori Education

December 02, 2017 08:09 AM

Are you getting bored with chasing your child to have him memorize information to get good grades in school? Are you fed up with trying to make him learn, while all he wants to do is play?

We’ve got the perfect solution for you: following an innovative education system which avoids traditional methods in teaching and memorization, while encouraging the child to learn and improve his skills in a specialized manner.

It promotes the child’s creative thinking without depending on grades. This system is known as Montessori Education.

Montessori is an educational system based on the philosophy that in each child dwells the person he will become in the future. Montessori’s objective is to cover all aspects of interpersonal skills, as well as the mental, spiritual, and physical aspects for each child.

As the child learns in a Montessori school, he will develop capacities such as creative problem solving, critical thinking, and time management.

 

Creator of the Montessori System:

Italian doctor Maria Montessori (1870-1952) followed a scientific method in teaching, transpiring from observing children’s behavior and how they interact with nature. Later she developed an institutional mechanism according to their interests, to nurture them spiritually, mentally, physically.

Initially, Maria established a school for children with disabilities, where she worked as the school principal. There, she applied her methodologies to teach disabled children, and her success was phenomenal. She discovered later that there are significant mistakes in teaching normal children, concluding that if she applied the same teaching techniques to healthy children, she would make a breakthrough.

 

Since then, the Montessori Education system has been adopted globally for children from ages of three to eighteen years old.

 

Montessori Education Principles:

  • Giving each child the freedom (within limits) to choose the activities and tools he prefers.
  • Respecting the psychological growth of the child.
  • The learning process must be efficient and supportive of each child’s interest.
  • Encouraging self-learning for the child through an interactive approach to the surrounding environment.
  • Repetition of the chosen activity until the child masters the skill behind it.
  • Respecting each child’s capacities and accepting the differences between children in the classroom.
  • The child learns to handle responsibility, and he participates in the daily chores at home.

 

Montessori Education Classrooms:

Montessori Education classrooms must obey the following fundamental principles: order, beauty, and the overall ambiance.

The classrooms are free of complicated structures and are incredibly simple. Additionally, all the learning tools must be suitable for the different age groups of the children.

The learning experience must revolve around the student, not the teacher; therefore, no blackboards or books are allowed. The child has freedom of expression, as well as participating in any activity of his choice.

 

Montessori Education Goals:

  1. A biological goal of helping the child develop naturally.
  2. A social goal where children cope with their surrounding environment through sensorial training.

 

Montessori’s Phases of Development:

Dr. Maria Montessori divided the growth and development process into four primary phases, extending from birth till the age of twenty-four. According to each phase, Montessori has set a roadmap of learning methods and necessary activities for learning.

 

First Phase:

From birth to six years old:

Montessori stressed that this is the most important phase in the child’s life, as the child begins to cope with his surroundings. It is categorized into three stages:

 

The conscious mind: the surrounding environment constitutes the basis of learning for the child in the future.

The sensory stage: the child repeats the activities until he masters them.

Complete awareness (the application of the skills learned with full knowledge): this stage focuses on developing the multiple skills of the child such as language, order, sensorial field, as well as the social behavior.

 

Second phase: From six to twelve years old

This phase includes several psychological and physical changes for children. The school environment and tools must adapt to these changes. A child at this stage will tend to prefer working in a group, developing his imagination, and he will have creative and independent thoughts.

 

Third Phase: From twelve to eighteen years old

This is the stage of exploration and adolescence, associated with physical and psychological changes. During this phase, it is critical for the activities to take into account the mental instability of the child, the lack of focus, and the emergence of some traits such as pride and dignity.

 

Fourth phase: Eighteen to twenty-four years old

During this maturity stage, individuals require a unique curriculum focusing on self-development within the Montessori philosophy.

 

References:

www.education.com

www.new-educ.com

www.montessori-nw.org