Birth Control Methods

December 02, 2017 06:27 PM

The following schedule describes different types of contraceptives, along with some positives and negatives of each method:


Cons Pros Method
  • It can slip in some women and in rare cases the uterus may reject it
  • Heavier periods
  • Painful side effects such as contractions


  • Prevents the sperm from reaching the egg
  • Can be easily removed from the uterus and will allow pregnancy immediately
  • Will not affect your intimacy with your spouse
  • Will not affect your hormones
  • Can last for up to ten years
  • 98% effective
IUD (Intra Uterine Device)
  • Must be taken strictly within a schedule and if a pill is missed it may lead to pregnancy
  • May increase weight
  • Can cause plaque in the blood vessels and can increase the possibility of a stroke
  • Side effects can include nausea and vomiting
  • Can’t be used if breastfeeding
  • Decreases blood flow during periods
  • Reduces polycystic ovaries
  • Decreases the possibility of ovarian cancer
  • Reduces pimples and skin breakouts
  • Regulates monthly periods
  • 91% to 99% effective
The Pill
  • May increase weight
  • Can have a lasting effect which may result in a delay in pregnancy.
  • Side effects can include nausea and vomiting

·        May affect sexual drive

  • Can last for up to 12 weeks
  • Reduces blood flow, as well as the symptoms of periods
  • 94% to 99% effective
  • Irregularity of periods, especially during the first year.
  • Side effects may include nausea, headaches and moodiness
  • Can cause skin breakouts and pimples
  • May increase weight
  • Can interfere with the efficiency of other medications
  • Can prevent pregnancy for up to three years
  • In case of negative side effects, can be removed
  • Will not affect your sex drive
  • Safe for breast feeding
  • High likelihood of preventing ovarian cancer
  • Reduces cramps and blood flow during periods

·        99% effective

Birth Control Implant
  • May affect sexual pleasure, which leads men to refuse to wear it
  • Can tear and slip if not properly used


  • Cheap and accessible
  • Helps prevents sexually transmitted diseases
  • For use during sex only and disposed of later
  • 98% effective
Male Condoms
  • Can break during sex
  • Can cause pregnancy if not properly used
  • Not as accessible as male condoms
  • Does not require any medical surgery
  • Helps prevents sexually transmitted diseases
  • Highly effective if properly used
Female Condoms
  • Can cause a sensation of discomfort
  • Increased vaginal secretions
  • Moodiness, headaches, nausea and pain in the breasts are possible side effects
  • Does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases
  • Needs to be replaced every 21 days, while preventing pregnancy on a monthly basis
  • Will not affect sexual pleasure
  • Is not affected by vomiting or diarrhea
  • Reduces period flow
  • 99% effective
The Diaphragm
  • Can disrupt periods
  • May increase weight
  • May cause an allergy
  • Must be placed correctly or will need to be replaced


  • Easy to use, being placed on the skin on a weekly basis
  • Reduces period symptoms
  • Protects against polycystic ovarian fibrosis and ovarian cancer
  • 99% effective
The Contraceptive Patch